The Kremlin is the heart of the city and the country , the place to which all Russian roads lead .
Moscow princes attracted particular importance to the Kremlin . Thus by natural cause of things in the 1320s the headquarters of the Russian Church was transferred from Vladimir to Moscow . The very first white stone Kremlin was built in the 1360s under prince Dmitriy Donskoy . In the 15 th century , at he order of Tsar Ivan III the Kremlin was surrounded with a new red-brick wall .
By the 15 th century , Moscow had established its global rule over the various Russian principalities and hundred years later it became the capital of a strong State , one of the largest in the world .
Ivan III brought Italian architects to construct new and impressive cathedrals which symbolised the power of the new State . Several cathedrals were built in the late 15th centrum such as : the Assumption Cathedral (1475-1479), the Annunciation Cathedral (1489-1489), the Archangel Cathedral (1505-1508).
The Assumption Cathedral was the principal cathedral of the Russian state , the spiritual and moral centre of the whole Russian land . It was built by Aristotle Fiorovante , as Italian architect in the late 15 th century and replaced a smaller one of the 14 th century . Grand Princes and Tsars were crowned there and the Patriarchs were ordained , and it served as a burial place for nine All-Russia Patriarchs and 18 Metropolitans .
The Archangel Cathedral was also very important ,It took part in all coronations , weddings . And , of course , it was used as a burial place of Tsars . The tombs of all Moscow rulers from the 1320s to the 1690s are there . This Cathedral symbolises the Glory of Russian warriors.